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In the UK, education is compulsory for all children between the ages of 5 (4 in Northern Ireland) and 16.

In addition, the National Curriculum in England and Wales is constructed in five Key Stages:: 

1. Early years (under 5 year olds)

2. Primary education

  • Key Stage 1 - Foundation year and Years 1 to 2 - for pupils aged between 5 and 7 years old

  • Key Stage 2 - Years 3 to 6 - for pupils aged between 8 and 11 years old

3. Secondary education

  • Key Stage 3 - Years 7 to 9 - for pupils aged between 12 and 14 years old

  • Key Stage 4 - Years 10 to 11 - for pupils aged between 15 and 16 years old

4. Further Education (FE)

  • Key Stage 5 - Years 12 to 13 - for pupils aged between 17 and 18 years old

    5. Higher Education (HE)


    For more information and guidance on topics related to schools, education and learning, please explore the sections below:


    Choice of education


    Applying for a school place:
    School Admissions


    School performance


    School terms and holiday dates


    Breakfast and after school clubs


    Holiday clubs and playschemes


    Tax-Free Childcare


    Westminster libraries


    Resources to support
    children's learning at home


    School SEND Policies
    and information reports



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