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High Needs Block

High needs funding is intended to provide the most appropriate support package for an individual with special educational needs (SEN) in a range of settings, taking account of parental and student choice, whilst avoiding perverse incentives to over identify high needs pupils and students. It is also intended to support good quality alternative provision for pupils who cannot receive their education in schools.

The high needs funding system supports provision for pupils and students with SEN and disabilities (SEND), from their early years to 25. The Children and Families Act 2014 extends local authorities’ statutory duties relating to SEN across the 0 to 25 age range. A range of providers, including maintained nursery schools, maintained schools, academies (including free schools), non-maintained special schools, further education and sixth-form colleges, as well as those independent special schools and specialist post-16 institutions named on the section 41 approved list, have a duty to cooperate with the local authority on arrangements for children and young people with SEN (with a reciprocal duty on the local authority) and a duty to admit a child or young person if the institution is named in an Education Health and Care (EHC) plan.